he INTERPOL has released a new report, giving key insights into cybercrime in Africa, and revealing the top five cyber threats on the continent.
TheNewsGuru.com (TNG) reports the new report published by the INTERPOL is a result of cross-sector collaboration, and it is titled: the African Cyberthreat Assessment Report 2021.
According to the INTERPOL, the report will help countries in Africa to understand the most prevalent threats and formulate a coordinated regional response to cybercrime.
“Cybercrimes affect all countries, but weak networks and security make countries in Africa particularly vulnerable.
“While Africa has an estimated 500 million Internet users, this equates to just 38 per cent of the population, leaving huge potential for growth.
“Africa has the fastest growing telephone and Internet networks in the world, and makes the widest use of mobile banking services.
“This digital demand, coupled with a lack of cybersecurity policies and standards, exposes online services to major risks.
“As African countries move to incorporate digital infrastructure into all aspects of society – including government, banking, business and critical infrastructure – it is crucial to put a robust cybersecurity framework into place,” a statement by the INTERPOL reads.
The main cyber threats in Africa
The INTERPOL report identifies the most prominent threats in Africa, based on input from INTERPOL member countries and data drawn from private sector partners.
The top five cyber threats are:
Online scams: fake emails or text messages claiming to be from a legitimate source are used to trick individuals into revealing personal or financial information;
Digital extortion: victims are tricked into sharing sexually compromising images which are used for blackmail;
Business email compromise: criminals hack into email systems to gain information about corporate payment systems, then deceive company employees into transferring money into their bank account;
Ransomware: cybercriminals block the computer systems of hospitals and public institutions, then demand money to restore functionality;
Botnets: networks of compromised machines are used as a tool to automate large-scale cyberattacks.
From analysis to action
“Not only do criminals exploit vulnerabilities in cyber security across the region, but they also take advantage of variations in law enforcement capabilities across physical borders,” said Craig Jones, INTERPOL’s Director of Cybercrime.
“INTERPOL’s regional cybercrime strategy for Africa provides a robust framework for sharing intelligence and coordinating action to strengthen the law enforcement response across Africa and beyond,” added Mr Jones.
TNG reports the strategy focuses on the areas of criminal intelligence, law enforcement operations, regional capacity and capabilities, and awareness campaigns for businesses and the general public.
“Implementation will be driven by INTERPOL’s African Cybercrime Operations Desk, working in close partnership with key regional stakeholders, in particular the African Union and Afripol, law enforcement communities and the private sector,” the statement added.